Construction workers in New Jersey face a lot of safety risks in the summer with five common ones being fatigue, heat stress, dehydration, conditions resulting from prolonged sun exposure and injuries in roadside construction zones. There are ways that employers can manage these risks, though.
Pneumoconiosis is a form of interstitial lung disease, or lung disease that causes scarring to lung tissue. The most common types of pneumoconiosis are asbestosis, silicosis and black lung, which is properly called coal workers' pneumoconiosis. Workers in New Jersey should be aware that these are all caused by the inhalation of certain particles. In the above-mentioned cases, the particles would be asbestos fibers, silica dust and coal mine dust.
Loading docks can be a dangerous area for workers in New Jersey to find themselves in. The good news is that there are basic steps that companies can take to minimize the opportunity for an accident to occur. One such step is to provide training as it relates to using forklifts. To comply with OSHA regulations, employees should be taught how to use the specific machines that they will be working with on the job.
Construction site owners in New Jersey should be aware that falls are the leading cause of death in the construction industry according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. On average, 310 construction workers die every year in falls, and 10,350 are seriously injured. In the effort to prevent falls, NIOSH has released a fact sheet on roof, scaffold and ladder safety for both employers and workers.
Construction workers in New Jersey may face a range of dangers on the job. They often deal with heavy equipment and complicated machinery, and they may work on partially constructed buildings or other open structures. These problems are exacerbated by employers that fail to live up to federal standards for workplace safety, exposing construction workers to serious risks. Indeed, workers in construction lose their lives on the job five times as often as those in any other industry. On average, 14 people are killed every day while doing construction work.
In late 2018, a bill was introduced into the House of Representatives that would require OSHA to create a standard for keeping those in the health care and social services industries safe from workplace violence. On Feb. 27, 2019, the House Education and Labor Committee's Workforce Protections Subcommittee held a hearing about this proposal. New Jersey residents should know that the bill has more than 40 co-sponsors.
Farm machines such as tractors, combines and skid loaders are known for vibrating at intense levels. The European Union has developed a system for measuring workers' exposure to whole-body vibrations, establishing an "action level" beyond which the vibrations may be detrimental to one's health. New Jersey residents should know that one NIOSH-funded study has reviewed the link between farm machine vibrations and back pain.
New Jersey residents who keep up with Tesla's developments in vehicle technology should know that the automaker surpassed all its competitors in the number of OSHA violations it has received. Between 2014 and 2018, its Fremont-based production facility was issued 54 violations. This is three times more than the top 10 auto plants combined and accounts for 75 percent of all their violations.
New Jersey construction workers who are exposed to silica dust could face a significantly increased risk of serious illness and disease. According to one study, construction workers in bridge repair, chipping and crushing may be exposed to over 10 times the allowed limit of silica dust per federal OSHA workplace safety regulations. The study collected 51 samples of air in the personal breathing zones of construction workers involved in repairing bridges, demolishing buildings or crushing concrete.
Truckers in New Jersey and throughout the country may be at risk of injuring their shoulders when cranking lifts up and down. However, researchers say that there may be a method to do so while reducing the chances of an injury. A study of a dozen male truckers going through the cranking process revealed that they should lift a trailer while standing parallel to it. Doing so uses more of their body strength and puts less pressure on the shoulder.